Within this naming and classification scheme, it followed Georgian architecture and later Regency architecture , and was succeeded by Edwardian architecture. During the early 19th century, the romantic medieval Gothic revival style was developed as a reaction to the symmetry of Palladianism , and such buildings as Fonthill Abbey were built. By the middle of the 19th century, as a result of new technology , construction was able to incorporate steel as a building component; one of the greatest exponents of this was Joseph Paxton , architect of the Crystal Palace.
Paxton also continued to build such houses as Mentmore Towers , in the still popular English Renaissance styles. New methods of construction were developed in this era of prosperity, but ironically the architectural styles, as developed by such architects as Augustus Pugin , were typically retrospective. In Scotland , the architect Alexander Thomson who practiced in Glasgow was a pioneer of the use of cast iron and steel for commercial buildings, blending neo-classical conventionality with Egyptian and oriental themes to produce many truly original structures.
Other notable Scottish architects of this period are Archibald Simpson and Alexander Marshall Mackenzie whose stylistically varied work can be seen in the architecture of Aberdeen.
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While Scottish architects pioneered this style it soon spread right across the United Kingdom and remained popular for another 40 years. Its architectural value in preserving and reinventing the past is significant.
Its influences were diverse but the Scottish architects who practiced it were inspired by unique ways to blend architecture, purpose, and everyday life in a meaningful way. While not uniquely Victorian, and part of revivals that began before the era, these styles are strongly associated with the 19th century owing to the large number of examples that were erected during that period.
Victorian architecture usually has many intricate window frames inspired by the famous architect Elliot Rae. Palace of Westminster , Neo-Gothic completed in Designed by Sir Alfred Waterhouse. The John Rylands Library in Manchester. An example of the Gothic Revival style.
Barclays Bank building , Sutton , Greater London. Somerville College, Oxford , UK. During the 18th century, a few English architects emigrated to the colonies, but as the British Empire became firmly established during the 19th century, many architects emigrated at the start of their careers. Normally, they applied architectural styles that were fashionable when they left England.
By the latter half of the century, however, improving transport and communications meant that even remote parts of the Empire had access to publications such as the magazine The Builder , which helped colonial architects keep informed about current fashion. Thus, the influence of English architecture spread across the world. The Victorian period flourished in Australia and is generally recognised as being from to , which saw a gold rush and population boom during the s in the state of Victoria.
There were fifteen styles that predominated: . Hotel Windsor , Rialto Building , Melbourne, built during the land boom of Free Gothic. King Street, Newtown is one of the most complete Victorian era commercial precincts in Australia. Chastleton Mansion, Toorak, Victoria Italianate. Text provides complete descriptions. Excellent reproduction of rare catalog describes 86 different houses and bungalows in over Sourcebook of inspiration for architects, designers, others.
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But many bridges are also works of art. This splendid archive by an expert on the history of bridges and civil engineering amply illustrates the art of good bridge design, as exemplified by ancient and modern Bridges serve a practical purpose, providing passage over rivers, valleys, roads, railroad tracks, This reprint of a rare catalog, showcasing the charming simplicity and cozy style of Craftsman bungalows, is filled with photos of completed homes, plus floor plans and estimated costs.
An indispensable resource for architects, historians, and illustrators. This reprint of a rare catalog, showcasing the charming simplicity and cozy style of Craftsman Reproduced from a rare edition, this book features designs for homes of "comfort and refinement," with external views, floor plans, and other details. Reproduced from a rare edition, this book features designs for homes of "comfort and Publisher's Note. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Alice Davis Hitchcock Award. The American Bungalow: by Clay Lancaster. The Autobiography of an Idea by Louis H. Best Homes of the s by Standard Homes Company.
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